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3rd International Conference on Obesity and Chronic Diseases, will be organized around the theme “Novel Therapeutics in Obesity & Prevention and Advancements in Chronic Diseases”

Chronic Obesity 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Chronic Obesity 2020

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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Obesity is one of the major causes for cardiovascular diseases; Obesity is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk itself by atrial enlargement, ventricular enlargement. It leads to several structural and functional changes of the heart, which causes heart failure and the altered myocardial structure increases the risk of atrial fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. By the Mechanisms through which obesity increases CVD risk involves drastic changes in body composition that can affect haemodynamic functions too

  • Track 1-1Hypertension
  • Track 1-2Coronary artery disease
  • Track 1-3Atherosclerosis
  • Track 1-4Dyslipidaemia
  • Track 1-5Glucose intolerance
  • Track 1-6Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Track 1-7Thromboembolic disease
  • Track 1-8Inflammation in cardiovascular disease.

Obesity has been emerged as an important risk factor for the respiratory diseases due to adoption of sedentary lifestyles and increased pollution. In obese people, Fat tissue accumulation damages ventilatory function in adults and children. In other terms, Thoracic restriction associated with obesity is usually mild and is attributed to the mechanical effects of fat on the diaphragm and the chest wall resulting obstructive diaphragm excursion and reduced thoracic compliance

 

  • Track 2-1Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Track 2-2Asthma
  • Track 2-3Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Track 2-4Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

Obesity and depression are interrelated, as the effect of one express on the other. obese People are tend  to depressed due to the reasons which were leading to emotional ups and downs and many other health complications leading to psychiatric disorders and mental illness. Obese depression and mental illness consequences like psychosocial problems and suicidal thoughts are highly observed in young ones, as they face many stressful life events like bullying and weight based teasing. According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) about 43% of adults with depression are obese

 

  • Track 3-1Emotional issues
  • Track 3-2Sociological consequences
  • Track 3-3Physical inactivity
  • Track 3-4Sleep problems

It is a well-known fact that overweight (having a BMI of 30 or above) are at greater risk of developing metabolic chronic disorders like type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance. Accumulation of adipose tissue affects metabolism by secreting hormones, glycerol, and other substances including leptin, cytokines, adiponectin, and proinflammatory substances, and non-esterified fatty acids which are involved in the development of insulin resistance and disruption of fat metabolism. And the secretion of these substances will be increased leading to diabetes in obese individuals

 

  • Track 4-1Bariatric surgery
  • Track 4-2Malabsorption
  • Track 4-3Cardiovascular risk factors

Auto Immune diseases mainly related with decreased metabolic rate, decreased thermogenesis, and interrelate with a higher body mass index (BMI). As over weight is linked to many endocrine abnormalities including thyroid dysfunction .In obese people due to excess secretion of hormones, it influences the activity of thyroid hormones and coincides with dysfunctions of thyroid immunity and thyroid gland

  • Track 5-1Hypothyroidism
  • Track 5-2Thyroid dysfunction and body weight

Tumour cells are initiated and progressed in obese by combined effects of chronic low level inflammatory environment of adipose tissue causing DNA damaging, reduced DNA repair and the endocrine alterations leading to cancer, and Fat tissue produces excess amounts of oestrogen

 

  • Track 6-1Oesophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Track 6-2Liver cancer
  • Track 6-3Thyroid cancer
  • Track 6-4Endometrial cancer
  • Track 6-5Kidney cancer
  • Track 6-6Colorectal cancer
  • Track 6-7Ovarian cancer
  • Track 6-8Pancreatic cancer
  • Track 6-9Gastric cardio cancer
  • Track 6-10Breast cancer
  • Track 6-11Gallbladder cancer

HIV-infected patients who underwent the antiretroviral therapy (CART) can live longer but comorbidities emerge earlier and more frequently. Among them metabolic and cardiovascular diseases are two leading causes of death for HIV-infected patients. As Overweight cause risk factors like reducing immunity through various auto immune disorders and chronic diseases in the general population that increasingly affect HIV-infected people. Hence obesity seems to have a detrimental effect on immune recovery after CART initiation

  • Track 7-1Serology
  • Track 7-2Plasma viral load
  • Track 7-3Heterosexual transmission

Moreover, obesity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases were associated with several other health consequences like adipose tissue dysfunction, increased work of breathing the additive effects can make it a struggle to breathe and cause dyspnea -shortness of breath. Obesity also increases the risk of pulmonary disease, stroke, heart attack, and dementia and others like Transient nocturnal desaturation is due to decreased blood oxygen levels

 

  • Track 8-1Pneumonia
  • Track 8-2Influence of hypoxia
  • Track 8-3Hypoventilation syndrome
  • Track 8-4Night time breathing –sleep apnea

Overweight and obese kids are the result of hereditary applications and other environmental factors. The child would going to remain hefty in adolescence and affected with further complications like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and others by the pattern of Physiology and genetic history of child

  • Track 9-1Comorbidities of Obesity in the Young
  • Track 9-2Obesity and Gastrointestinal Disorders in Children
  • Track 9-3Effects of Diabetes, Insulin Resistance & Oxidative Stress on young ones
  • Track 9-4Childhood obesity
  • Track 9-5Early secondary growth ( Maturation)

It is the nutritional disorder among children and adolescents, according to the global report, around 20-24% children are under the cover of obesity and also the prevalence of obesity related risks like particularly obesity related–sleep disorders and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are mostly visible in children in past few years, and type2 diabetes in paediatric patients

  • Track 10-1Binge eating disorder
  • Track 10-2Homeostasis
  • Track 10-3Pharmacotherapeutic interventions
  • Track 10-4Endocrine disorders in children

Due to excess body mass there baby growth and function will be effected, The major risk factor for obese pregnant women is difficulty during vaginal delivery and also there is a risk of miscarriage, and a very high need of cesarean section and involves risk complications like C-section wounds and infections

  • Track 11-1Foetal macrosomia
  • Track 11-2Metabolic syndrome
  • Track 11-3Ultrasound defects
  • Track 11-4Premature Births
  • Track 11-5Gestational Diabetes
  • Track 11-6High blood pressure
  • Track 11-7Cardiac dysfunction

Genetics contribute a one third part of obesity with the discovery of more than 50 genes that are strongly associated with it. The presence or absence of genetic factors tells susceptibility to obesity. In general, people who have obesity have multiple genes that susceptible them to gain excess weight. Such genes are the fat mass and obesity-associated genes (FTO gene), which are found in up to 50% of the population

  • Track 12-1Leptin deficiency
  • Track 12-2Rare-single gene defects
  • Track 12-3POMC deficiency
  • Track 12-4More tendencies to store body fat

In order to control obesity, a proper diet should be followed. Diet is the term which relates the caloric intake over particular time. A proper diet should be consists of balanced nutrition with fewer calories. Very low calorie diet - A very low calorie diet (VLCD) is a diet which involves consuming less than 3350 kilojoules (800 calories) per day and fewer intakes of food containing saturated fat, added sugars and alcohol

  • Track 13-1Atkins diet
  • Track 13-2Ketogenic diet
  • Track 13-3Vegetarian diet
  • Track 13-4Vegan diet
  • Track 13-5Raw food diet
  • Track 13-6Plenty intake of water and dietary fibres
  • Track 13-7Avoid fad diet

Obesity or overweight is obtained due to lack of physical inactivity, improper eating patterns, increased stress levels, not enough sleep. Over weight leads to several health complications like chronic diseases and others. The risk factors associated with obesity are of 2 kinds, some can be altered like unhealthy life style habits and environment. And others are like long-term unaltered such as family history, hereditary, race and ethnicity and sex

  • Track 14-1High blood glucose (diabetes)
  • Track 14-2Cardiovascular diseases
  • Track 14-3Chronic respiratory diseases
  • Track 14-4High blood cholesterol and triglycerides
  • Track 14-5Bone and joint complications
  • Track 14-6Gallstones and liver problems
  • Track 14-7Depression and mental illness
  • Track 14-8Sexual problems

Liposuction is not an overall weight loss method or a treatment, just a kind of cosmetic surgery, which alters the body shape by breaking or sucking up the body fat which is undesirable. It is mainly worked on the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, neck, chin, upper and backs of the arms, and calves. The unwanted fat is removed through a hollow instrument, named as cannula, which is applied with powerful, high pressure vacuum and inserted under the skin

  • Track 15-1Power-assisted liposuction (PAS)
  • Track 15-2Laser Assisted Lipolysis (LAL)
  • Track 15-3Lymphedema
  • Track 15-4Gynecomastia
  • Track 15-5Lipo dystrophy syndrome

Overweight can be under control through weight loss supplements and drugs, the  prescript weight loss medications  along with a low calorie diet and the doctors approved exercise plan will give the best outcome and less side effects. It is noticed that 3%-9% of weight loss is assisted with the anti-obesity drugs

  • Track 16-1FDA approved weight loss drugs
  • Track 16-2Garcinia Cambogia Extract
  • Track 16-3Diet pills
  • Track 16-4Raspberry ketones
  • Track 16-5Caffeine
  • Track 16-6Green coffee bean extract

Ayurveda medications are the safe and holistic methods for management of overweight with no any side effects. In nature many herbs were helpful for burning fats. Naturopathy deals with the weight loss management by using the elements obtained from the nature for long term benefits

  • Track 17-1Medicinal herbs
  • Track 17-2Ayurvedic weight loss capsules
  • Track 17-3Low calorie satwik food
  • Track 17-4Herbal powders

Fitness programmes and diet should be planned regularly for controlling over weight, which are science based and associated with yoga-specific asana, cardio exercise, breathing exercise and meditation

  • Track 18-1Physical work outs
  • Track 18-2Weight reduction therapeutic massages
  • Track 18-3Steam and sauna
  • Track 18-4vibrators
  • Track 18-5General Psychology
  • Track 18-6Antidepressant
  • Track 18-7Healthcare and Mental Health
  • Track 18-8Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes
  • Track 18-9Reducing distress

Digital therapeutics are boon in 21 century, To create lifestyle behaviour changes by using software and remote monitoring tools with less medications. These programmes are incorporated by tracking sensors which gather patient health data along with their regular counselling delivered through smart mobile app and other smart devices as a self-report

  • Track 19-1e-Health
  • Track 19-2Wearable gadgets
  • Track 19-3Wearable gadgets
  • Track 19-4Insulin pumps
  • Track 19-5Blood glucose meters

During past decades the growth curve of obesity is raising, even though one of the main global health objectives for the year 2020 is to reduce the prevalence of obesity among the population, but the situation is not satisfactory. Therefore there is more attentiveness is authorized on obesity management through

  • Track 20-1More interventions and new innovations on emerging trends
  • Track 20-2Advancement in behavioural and psychosocial observational research
  • Track 20-3Clinical physiology
  • Track 20-4Concentrating on diabetes and its complications
  • Track 20-5Concentrating on diabetes and its complications
  • Track 20-6Drug treatments and smart devices for obesity

A well-known scenario, Prevention is better than cure. Preventive measures are the primary health care options to avoid chronic diseases by obtaining healthy life style changes

  • Track 21-1Maintain a healthy weight
  • Track 21-2Avoid tobacco use
  • Track 21-3Regular physical activity
  • Track 21-4Proper diet
  • Track 21-5Regular clinical and physiological check ups
  • Track 21-6Enough sleep